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Are Traditional Data Centers Obsolete with the Rise of Edge Computing?

In today’s constantly growing technology landscape, data centers are playing an ever more important role. One buzzword that’s been popping up more and more is “edge computing.”


Edge computing has become a global phenomenon as connected devices, Internet of Things (IoT) systems, and the need to process data in real-time have all pushed edge computing to the forefront. But is edge computing making traditional data centers obsolete?


Let’s take a closer look at edge computing and how it impacts the future of the data center.

Understanding Edge Computing

Suppose you have self-driving cars, smart factories, and connected medical equipment, all generating data in real-time. For processing, it is necessary to send this generated data back to a central data center. This would create congestion and latency issues that would impede real-time decisions and responsiveness. That’s where edge computing comes in.


Edge computing places processing power on the “edge” of the network, which is very close to the data source. It can be anywhere from a local server room to a telecom tower or even a device. Processing data on the edge offers many advantages: 

  1. Allow to Function Offline

Edge computing allows devices to run even when they’re not connected to a central data center. It can be beneficial for applications that run in remote locations or need to be up and running at all times.


  1. Lower Latency 

When data does not need to travel long distances to reach a central server, it leads to faster data processing, resulting in faster response times. This can be helpful for applications such as autonomous vehicles and industrial automation that require real-time response.

  1. Increase the Efficiency of Bandwidth 

Because only the most important data is processed locally, there’s less need to communicate with the central data center all the time. This frees up bandwidth for other important work.

  1. Higher Security

This allows for the storage and analysis of sensitive information on-site, thereby reducing the risk of contamination during long-distance transmission.

The Significance of Traditional Data Centers

Data centers remain an essential part of the digital infrastructure ecosystem, even though edge computing is growing. Edge servers excel at processing time-critical data at the network’s edge, but traditional data centers are still essential for storing large amounts of data. They can perform high-level calculations and run critical applications.


It’s important to recognize that traditional data centers remain vital for several reasons:

  • Support Disaster Recovery and Redundancy: With edge deployments, data centers can be located anywhere in the world. It is built with strong redundancy to guarantee data availability in case of a natural disaster or power outage.
  • Advanced Computing: Large data centers consist of computing power and specialized hardware, so they can process large datasets, run complex simulations, or train advanced AI models easily. Edge devices are simply not capable of matching this level of raw processing capability.
  • Archiving and Analytics of Data: Data centers provide the infrastructure and storage capacity required for long-term data storage and extensive data analysis. Collecting data from multiple edge locations in a central data center enables more granular analysis and insights.
  • Security and Centralized Management: Data centers provide a secure and controlled setting for storing confidential data and vital IT infrastructure. The implementation of centralized management facilitates streamlined security oversight. It also helps patch vulnerabilities and ensure the consistent implementation of security policies.

Traditional data centers are also important for protecting sensitive data and maintaining business continuity. Hence, we can say edge computing is not supposed to replace traditional data centers but rather complement them.

The Changing Role of Information Technology Experts

IT experts face both exciting opportunities and formidable challenges in the rapidly expanding field of computing. Although core data center skills remain valuable, the new world of distributed processing necessitates a more diverse set of skills. In addition to core data center skills, edge computing requires expertise in areas such as:

  • Leverage DevOps for Edge: Apply the concepts of DevOps for rapid development and deployment. It also helps with edge application management.
  • Employ Zero Trust Security Model: For edge deployments, perimeter-based security might not be enough. With a zero-trust approach, all access attempts are verified on a regular basis, regardless of where they originate.
  • Microservices and Containerization: Developing applications for distributed processing environments in which functions are partitioned into smaller and self-contained parts.
  • Implement IoT Security: In order to protect edge devices and collected data, you can implement robust security measures
  • Implementing Secure Edge Gateways: The implementation of secure edge gateways is necessary because they act as the entry point for data flowing between devices and the central infrastructure. You can employ robust firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and secure communication protocols to secure these gateways.

A Mutually Beneficial Partnership for the Future

Edge computing is better suited for real-time local processing, while traditional data centers offer the centralized power of large-scale computing. It is also better for data security and extended data management. Rather than view edge computing and data centers as adversaries, it’s more accurate to view them as complementary components of an IT hybrid architecture.

Here’s a glimpse into how this future might unfold:

  • Uniform Software and Hardware for the Edge: At present, the edge computing ecosystem is very heterogeneous. However, as edge computing develops, we can see the emergence of standardized hardware and software. This can make deployment and management easier.
  • Integrations of Edges with Hybrid Cloud: Using centralized data center, you can integrate cloud computing with edge computing to create a single architecture. Applications are going to segment workloads. It also helps in performing critical work at the edge and then sending the remainder to the cloud for analysis.
  • Smart Data Management: Advanced algorithms decide where to process data based on data types, latency, and security requirements. They also optimize resource usage and minimize data movement.

Challenges and Considerations

It is true that edge computing has revolutionized the digital world, but it comes with many challenges. One major concern is the intricacy of managing distributed compute resources across multiple edge devices and ecosystems. To ensure consistency, dependability, and security across such a decentralized environment, it is important to have reliable management tools. It should also follow some standard protocols and have consistent integration with legacy IT infrastructure.


As edge computing continues to grow, so do data privacy, governance, and regulatory compliance challenges. Organizations must navigate complex legal and ethical frameworks around data ownership, consent, and sovereignty. 


Edge computing is not replacing traditional data centers. Instead, it begins a fresh era when different ways of thinking work together to make data processing better, faster, and safer. Businesses can use their data to make decisions more quickly, enhance security, and develop a seamless user experience at the edge by combining the advantages of both strategies.


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