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What are the causes of infertility in Male & Female?

Causes of infertility in both males and females stem from various factors, often complex and multifaceted.

Male Infertility:

Low Sperm Count: This is one of the most common causes, where the number of sperm in semen is lower than normal, reducing the chances of fertilizing an egg.

Abnormal Sperm Function: Even if sperm count is normal, abnormalities in sperm shape, motility, or function can hinder its ability to reach and penetrate the egg.

Varicocele: A varicose vein in the scrotum can overheat the testicles, affecting sperm production and quality.

Hormonal Imbalances: Disorders affecting hormone production in the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, or testes can disrupt sperm production.

Genetic Factors: Chromosomal abnormalities or inherited disorders such as Klinefelter syndrome can impair sperm production or function.

Environmental Factors: Exposure to toxins, radiation, heavy metals, or excessive heat can harm sperm production.

Female Infertility:

Ovulation Disorders: Irregular or absent ovulation is a leading cause of female infertility, often linked to hormonal imbalances, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), or thyroid disorders.

Fallopian Tube Blockage: Scar tissue, infections, or inflammation can obstruct the fallopian tubes, preventing the egg from meeting the sperm.

Endometriosis: This condition occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterus, leading to inflammation, scarring, and interference with egg implantation.

Uterine Conditions: Fibroids, polyps, or abnormalities in the uterus can interfere with embryo implantation or proper development.

Age: Fertility declines with age in women due to a decrease in the number and quality of eggs.

Lifestyle Factors: Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, and poor diet can negatively impact fertility in women.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): Infections such as chlamydia or gonorrhea can cause scarring and damage to the reproductive organs, leading to infertility.

Addressing infertility often requires a thorough evaluation of both partners, with treatments ranging from lifestyle modifications and medications to assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), depending on the underlying causes. Early diagnosis and intervention can significantly improve the chances of successful conception.

Established in 1998, Australian Concept Infertility Medical Center has been a trusted name in IVF treatment in Pakistan. Specializing in services like test tube baby procedures, we offer state-of-the-art fertility treatments to couples struggling with infertility. With our expertise and commitment to excellence, we provide comprehensive care to patients seeking test tube baby procedures in Pakistan. Our center strives to make the journey to parenthood as smooth and successful as possible, offering personalized treatment plans and compassionate support to every patient.
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